Top 5 Components of Emotional Intelligence

1. Self-awareness

A person has a healthy sense of emotional intelligence self-awareness if they understand their own strengths and weaknesses, as well as how their actions affect others. A person with emotional self-awareness is usually receptive to, and able to learn from, constructive criticism more than one who doesn’t have emotional self-awareness. Recognize and understand your own moods and motivations and their effect on others.

  • Confidence
  • The sense of humour (can laugh at self)
  • Aware of your impression on others (can read the reactions of others to know how you are perceived)
2. Self-regulation

Controlling your impulses—instead of being quick to react rashly, you can reign in your emotions and think before responding. You express yourself appropriately. A person with a high emotional intelligence has the ability to exercise restraint and control when expressing their emotions.

3. Motivation 

Internal motivation is marked by an interest in learning. People with high emotional intelligence are self-motivated, resilient and driven by an inner ambition rather than being influenced by outside forces, such as money or prestige.

4. Empathy

The ability to understand another person’s emotional reaction. This is only possible when one has achieved self-awareness—as one cannot understand others until they understand themselves.An empathetic person has compassion and is able to connect with other people on an emotional level, helping them respond genuinely to other people’s concerns.

  • Perceptive of other’s emotions and taking an active interest in their concerns.
  • Proactive—able to anticipate someone’s needs and the appropriate reaction.
  • Social Situations such as office politics do not phase one who has a firm grasp of empathy.
5. Social skills

Identifying social cues to establish common ground, manage relationships and build networks.People who are emotionally intelligent are able to build trust with other people and are able to quickly gain respect from the people they meet.

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