Cancer is often unpredictable, but there are things everyone can do to help reduce their cancer risk or improve their chances of beating the disease if they do get it. What’s more, some of those same behaviours can also help lower your risk for other serious diseases, and boost your odds of living a longer, healthier life.
1. Get regular cancer screening tests
Regular screening tests can catch some cancers early, when they’re small, have not spread, and are easier to treat. With cervical and colon cancers, these tests can even prevent cancer from developing in the first place. Talk with your doctor about the tests for breast, cervical, colon, lung and prostate cancers.
2. Get to and stay at a healthy weight
Being overweight or obese is a risk factor for many cancers, including breast, colon, endometrium, kidney, oesophagus, and pancreatic cancer. You can control your weight through regular exercise and healthy eating.
3. Exercise regularly
Physical activity has been shown to lower the risk of several types of cancer, including breast, endometrium, prostate, and colon cancer. It also reduces the risk of other serious diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
- Adults should get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity (equal to a brisk walk) or 75 minutes of vigorous activity (makes your heartbeat and breathing faster, and makes you sweat) each week, preferably spread throughout the week.
- Kids should get at least 1 hour of moderate- or vigorous-intensity activity each day, with vigorous activity at least 3 days a week.
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