1. Eat a healthy diet
Studies show that eating a variety of different vegetables and fruits, whole grains,and fish or poultry is linked with a lower risk of developing certain cancers. On the other hand, eating more processed and red meat is linked with a higher risk of developing certain cancers. The American Cancer Society recommends:
- Eating at least 2½ cups of vegetables and fruits each day
Eating less red meat (beef, pork, and lamb) and less processed meat (bacon, sausage, luncheon meats, and hot dogs)
- Choosing bread, pasta, and cereals made from whole grains instead of refined grains, and brown rice instead of white.
- Eating fewer sweets
2. Avoid tobacco
Tobacco use in the US is responsible for nearly 1 out of every 5 deaths – about 480,000 premature deaths each year. About 80% of lung cancer deaths and 30% of all cancer deaths are caused by tobacco use.
3. Limit alcohol
Research has shown that alcohol can increase your risk for certain kinds of cancer, including breast, mouth, throat, voice box, oesophagus, liver, colon and rectal cancer. The more alcohol you drink, the higher your risk.
- Men should have no more than 2 drinks a day and women no more than 1.
- One drink is equal to about 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1½ ounces of 80-proof liquor.
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